Due to the fact that people are used to associate dentistry with the scary sound of a drum and extremely unpleasant feelings, many people ask for dental care only when they feel unbearable pain. It is important to remember that the less neglected the disease, the cheaper, easier and faster it is to treat. Most often, tooth decay causes people to see a dentist. Let us tell you more about this common and far from safe disease.
Tooth decay is a serious disease that can arise from seemingly harmless darkening of the tooth. Without treatment, tooth decay progresses and develops into dangerous inflammatory processes, threatening to lose a tooth.
SURFACE TOOTH DECAY
This is an initial stage of the disease, which is characterized by a shallow lesion of enamel (roughness).
Symptoms: recurrent painful sensations from too high and low temperatures, as well as sour and sweet products.
Treatment consists of removing the affected area of enamel and applying a fluoride-containing agent. As a result, the tooth enamel is completely restored and the decay spot disappears. To avoid the disease and its aggravation, it is necessary to visit a dentist for prevention every six months.
MID TOOTH DECAY
This tooth decay first looks like a dark enamel area on the tooth, and then a dark cavity in the tooth itself. At this stage of the dental caries process, in addition to the enamel, dentin is also damaged, where the disease progresses rapidly, forming a large cavity.
Symptoms: a tooth affected by decay periodically reacts very painfully to sweet (less often – to sour) foods and temperature changes. If the disease is chronic, it may not react at all.
The treatment is performed under local anesthesia. After removing the damaged tissues, the doctor treats the cavity with antiseptic, applies a gasket material and establishes a permanent seal.
DEEP TOOTH DECAY
This is the most serious stage of the disease, in which the deep layers of dentin are affected. Dentin softenes and usually changes color. Under the surface layer of the tooth enamel, a large cavity is found.
Reasons for deep tooth decay: untreated surface or middle tooth decay; improperly placed fillings; defects and chips in the teeth.
Symptoms: painful sensations when probing for decay, prolonged and acute pain when food residues enter the cavity.
Treatment. After anesthesia, the cavity is completely cleaned of softened dentin and sealed. After successful and timely treatment of deep tooth decay, the tooth remains healthy even with serious dentin damage. However, if treatment is late, tooth decay may affect the pulp, and then the soft tissue of the pulp, the tooth nerve, and even the entire tooth will need to be removed in the most neglected stages.
It is not possible to restore a tooth that has been damaged by dental caries. The tooth is cleaned and the formed cavity is filled with filling material. The surface tooth decay may go deep and affect the entire tooth, which may require removal. Caries can also cause inflammation of the nerve and surrounding tissues – pulpitis and periodontitis. The time of tooth decay development is individual for everyone. In some patients, tooth decay may change from superficial to deep within a few months, while in others it may remain unchanged for several years. Signs of tooth decay are darkening of the tooth, brown spots, tooth soreness, reaction to cold and hot.